The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast. Although it’s a relatively small country, it is home to a large number of tourist attractions.
You can find everything from historic castles and cathedrals to lively markets and vibrant nightlife. I toured the country for two weeks vacation, and I was absolutely amazed by the variety of things to see and do. And in this post, I will share with you the 20 top attractions and things to do in the Czech Republic that you cannot miss!
Things To Do In The Czech Republic
1. Prague Castle, Prague
Prague Castle is undoubtedly one of the Czech Republic’s top tourist attractions and the largest ancient castle in the world. The castle was founded in the 9th century and served as the seat of power for Czech kings, presidents, and emperors for centuries.
And today, it’s one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. The castle complex consists of multiple palaces, churches, gardens, and other buildings, and it’s spread over an area of 45 hectares (110 acres). Highlights of the castle include St. Vitus Cathedral, the Old Royal Palace, the Basilica of St. George, and the Golden Lane.
A guided tour is the best way to see Prague Castle, as you’ll learn about the castle’s history and see some of the most important buildings and artifacts. However, if you’re short on time, you can also just explore the castle on your own. No matter how you choose to see it, Prague Castle is a must-visit for anyone spending time in the Czech Republic.
Read More: 27 Best Things to Do in Prague
2. St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague
If there’s one must-see sight in Prague, it’s St. Vitus Cathedral. This massive Gothic cathedral is located within Prague Castle, and it’s the largest and most important church in the country.
The cathedral was founded in 1344 but wasn’t completed until 1929. It’s home to the remains of several Bohemian kings and saints, including St. Wenceslas (the patron saint of Czechia). Highlights of the cathedral include the stained glasses, the bronze doors, and its beautiful frescoes, paintings, and sculptures.
A visit to St. Vitus Cathedral is included in most Prague Castle tours, and I recommend doing a guided tour, as there’s so much to see and learn about this incredible building.
3. Old Town Square, Prague
Old Town Square is the heart of Prague, and it’s one of the best places to people-watch and soak up the city’s atmosphere. The square is surrounded by beautiful historic buildings, including the Old Town Hall, which dates back to the 13th century.
The square is also home to the Prague Astronomical Clock, which was first installed in 1410. The clock is a must-see for any visitor to Prague, and it’s definitely one of the most famous attractions in the Czech Republic. The clock has three main components: the astronomical dial, which shows the positions of the sun and moon in the sky; the Walk of the Apostles, which is a parade of statues that represent the 12 apostles every hour; and the Calendar dial, which shows the days of the year.
In addition to the clock, there are also a number of other monuments and statues in Old Town Square, including a statue of Jan Hus, a prominent 15th-century religious reformer.
And finally, a must-visit place in Old Town Square is Wenceslas Square, which was established in 1348 and named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of the Czech Republic. The square is home to many important historical events that shaped the country, and it’s also a great place to shop, eat, and people-watch.
4. Jewish Quarter, Prague
If you’re interested in learning about the history of Prague’s Jewish community, then a visit to the Jewish Quarter is a must. The Quarter is located in Josefov, the former Jewish ghetto of Prague that was established in the 13th century.
Today, the Jewish Quarter is home to a number of important historical sites, including the Old-New Synagogue, which is the oldest active synagogue in Europe. The synagogue was built in 1270, and it’s still used for religious services today.
Another must-see site in the Jewish Quarter is the Jewish Cemetery, which is the oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in Europe. The cemetery contains more than 12,000 tombstones, and it’s a fascinating place to explore.
The Jewish Quarter is also home to the Jewish Museum, which covers the history of the Jewish Community in Prague from the 10th century to the present day. The museum is located in a number of historic buildings, including the Old Jewish Town Hall and the Pinkas Synagogue. And if you’re interested in trying some traditional Jewish dishes, I recommend heading to one of the kosher restaurants in the Quarter.
A visit to the Jewish Quarter is a must for anyone interested in the history of Prague, and it’s one of the most famous places in the Czech Republic.
5. Charles Bridge, Prague
Of course, no visit to Prague would be complete without a walk across the Charles Bridge. The bridge spans the Vltava River and connects Old Town with Mala Strana. It’s one of the most popular tourist attractions in the Czech Republic and one of the oldest bridges in the world, dating back to 1357.
The Charles Bridge is lined with 30 statues of saints, and it’s a popular spot for locals and visitors alike. The most popular statue is that of Saint John of Nepomuk, the only bronze statue on the bridge. Other notable statues include Saint Wenceslas, Saint Luthgard, and Saint Vitus. You will also find musicians, painters, and fortune tellers plying along the bridge.
Take your time strolling across the bridge and enjoy the attractions, which also include some of the best views of Prague Castle. And being one of the famous Czech attractions, the bridge is always crowded with tourists, so be prepared for a bit of a squeeze. But if you want to avoid crowds, the best time to visit is early in the morning or late evening.
This is a top pick for many tourists, especially those with interest in history. Terezin is a small town located about an hour’s drive from Prague. This is a former military fortress that was used as a concentration camp for Jews.
Today, Terezin is a somber reminder of the atrocities that took place during the Holocaust. The town has a number of different museums and memorials that are dedicated to the victims of the camp. I suggest taking a tour of the former concentration camp. These tours are led by guides who are knowledgeable about the history of the camp, and they’re a great way to learn about what happened here.
A trip here is a sobering reminder of the horrors of war, but it’s also an important part of the Czech Republic’s history.
7. Explore the Moravian Karst, Brno
The Moravian Karst is a protected region in the Czech Republic that’s famous for its limestone caves and underground caverns. The Karst is located in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, and its home to more than 1,100 caves. This makes it a popular spot for both tourists and cave explorers.
One of the most popular caves in the Moravian Karst is the Punkva Cave. These caves are located near the city of Brno, and they’re known for their stunning stalactites and stalagmites. The Punkva Caves are also home to Punka River, which is a popular spot for canoeing and rafting.
If you’re looking for a more adventurous activity, you should consider exploring some of the region’s other caves. There are a number of different companies that offer cave tours, and you can even go spelunking in some of the deeper caves.
If you’re not interested in exploring the caves, there are plenty of other things to do in the Moravian Karst. There are a number of hiking trails that wind through the region, and you can also go horseback riding, biking, or even rock climbing.
There is a lot to see and do in the Moravian Karst, which makes it one of the most famous Czech Republic tourist attractions. Remember to wear comfortable shoes and bring a flashlight if you plan to explore the caves.
Read More: 21 Best Things to Do in Brno
8. The Colonnades and Spas, Karlovy Vary
Karlovy Vary, also known as Carlsbad, is a world-famous spa town in the Czech Republic. The town is home to more than a dozen thermal springs, and it’s said that the water from these springs has healing properties. And to shelter the springs, there are a number of lovely colonnades that have been built over the years.
The most famous Colonnade is the Mill Colonnade, which was built in the 19th century and is nearly 132 meters long. It’s a beautiful place to stroll and take in the sights and sounds of Karlovy Vary. In addition to this Colonnade, there are also the Hot Spring and the Market colonnades. All of these colonnades offer a unique perspective of the town, and they’re definitely worth a visit.
Karlovy is also home to a number of Spas, which are perfect for relaxing and rejuvenating. The most famous spa is probably the Grandhotel Pupp, which has been frequented by celebrities and royalty from all over the world.
What makes Karlovy Vary one of the famous places to visit in the Czech Republic is its rich history and culture. So, if you’re looking for a place to relax and escape the hustle and bustle of city life, Karlovy Vary is the perfect place for you.
Read More: 17 Best Things to Do in Karlovy Vary
9. Museum of Glass MOSER, Karlovy Vary
Located in Karlovy Vary, the Museum of Glass MOSER is one of the top Czech Republic attractions dedicated to the art of glassmaking. The museum was founded by Ludwig Moser, a world-renowned glass artist and founder of the eponymous company.
The museum houses a collection of over 2,000 pieces of glass, including works by Moser himself. One of the main highlights of the museum is the Glassmaking Studio, where you can watch glass being blown and shaped into beautiful works of art. The studio offers demonstrations several times a day, so it’s definitely worth checking out the schedule in advance.
Guided tours of the museum are available in English, and they’re a great way to learn about the history and art of glassmaking. The tours last about an hour, and they’re a great way to see the highlights of the museum.
10. Cesky Krumlov Castle, Cesky Krumlov
Cesky Krumlov Castle is one of the most beautiful castles in the Czech Republic, and it’s definitely worth a visit. The castle was built in the 13th century, and it’s located in the city of Cesky Krumlov. The castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the top Czech tourist attractions.
The castle complex consists of 40 buildings, surrounded by a park with gardens, fountains, and sculptures. Highlights of the castle include the Chapel of St. George, the Royal Apartments, Renaissance Hall, and the Rosenburg Ballroom. You can take a guided tour of the castle or explore it on your own.
The castle is open to the public for tours, and there are also a number of events and festivals held at the castle throughout the year. Plus, if you’re looking for a place to stay in Cesky Krumlov, there are several hotels and guesthouses near the castle.
Read More: 20 Best Things to Do in Cesky Krumlov
11. The Bone Chapel, Sedlec
The Bone Church is one of the most unique and eerie places to visit in the Czech Republic. The chapel is decorated with the bones of over 40,000 people who died during the Black Plague and other wars. The bones are displayed in a number of creative ways, including a chandelier made from bones, a coat of arms made from bones, and even garlands. The chapel is a truly unique and eerie place, and it’s definitely an attraction to visit in the Czech Republic.
12. Take a Food Tour in Prague
Prague is a food lover’s paradise, and there are a number of ways to enjoy the city’s culinary delights. One of the best ways to do this is by taking a food tour. A food tour is a great way to sample a variety of Czech dishes and learn about the city’s food culture. And there are a number of different companies that offer food tours in Prague.
One of the most popular food tours is the Taste of Prague Food Tours, which offers a three-hour walking tour of the city. The tour includes stops at some of Prague’s best restaurants, as well as a visit to a traditional Czech market.
If you don’t have time for a food tour, then another great option is to sample some of the city’s food. Some of the must-try dishes in Prague include svickova (a beef dish served with dumplings), goulash (a hearty stew), and trdelnik (a pastry made of rolled dough that’s grilled and then coated with sugar and cinnamon).
No matter what type of food tour you choose, you’re sure to enjoy a unique and delicious experience. And, you’ll definitely get a new appreciation for the Czech Republic’s food culture.
13. Pruhonice Park, Pruhonice
One of the best things to do in the Czech Republic is to visit Pruhonice Park, which is about 20 minutes drive from Prague. The park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it’s one of the largest and most beautiful English gardens in Europe, encompassing almost 250 hectares.
The park was created by A. E. Silva-Tarouca, and it was designed to resemble an English landscape garden. And that’s exactly what it does, with its rolling hills, manicured gardens, and picturesque views. There are more than 1,600 species of plants in the park, and it’s also home to a number of ponds and streams.
The park is also home to Pruhonice Castle, built in the 19th century. The castle was designed in the Renaissance style, and it’s definitely one of the most impressive buildings in the park.
All in all, Pruhonice Park is a must-visit for any nature lover. It’s also one of the top attractions in the Czech Republic to have a leisurely stroll, have a picnic, or just enjoy the scenery.
14. Kutna Hora
Kutna Hora is a small town located about an hour’s drive from Prague. While it may not be as well-known as some other places on this list, Kutna Hora is definitely worth a visit. The town is home to a number of beautiful Gothic churches and buildings, which were financed by the town’s silver mines.
Today, this small town has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it’s one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Czech Republic. Some of the top attractions in the town include the Church of Saint Barbara, the Czech Museum of Silver, and Stone House.
The Church of Saint Barbara is a beautiful Gothic church built in the 14th century, and it’s known for its unique architecture and murals. The Czech Museum of Silver is located in a former monastery, which houses a collection of silver objects found in the town’s silver mines. The Stone House showcases the life of miners, and it’s a great place to learn about the town’s history.
There are also a number of hiking and walking trails in Kutna Hora, so it’s a great place to get some fresh air and exercise.
15. Krkonose National Park
Another popular tourist destination in the Czech Republic is Krkonose National Park. Listed as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, the park is located in the Giant Mountains, and it’s a popular spot for both winter and summer activities.
Krkonose National Park is the perfect place to go for a hike, as several different trails wind through the park. If you’re looking for a challenge, you can try hiking to the top of Snezka Mountain, the highest point in the Czech Republic. At 5,256 feet (1,602 meters), it’s not an easy hike, but the views from the top are worth it.
The park is a popular spot for skiing and snowboarding in the winter. There are several different ski resorts within the park, and you can also go cross-country skiing or snowshoeing. And being one of the famous attractions in the Czech Republic, this park is always busy with tourists, no matter what time of year you visit.
16. The Bohemian Paradise, Troskovice
The Bohemian Paradise is a protected area in the Czech Republic that covers more than 180 square kilometers. It’s a beautiful place with forests, rivers, castles, and rock formations. The area is also home to a number of rare plant and animal species.
One of the best things to do in Bohemian Paradise is to go hiking. There are more than 500 kilometers of marked trails, and the scenery is absolutely breathtaking. The area is also great for rock climbing, and there are a number of cliffs that are popular with climbers.
If you’re interested in history, you’ll also want to visit the castle ruins that dot the landscape. Some of the most famous castles in Bohemian Paradise include the Trosky Castle and Kost Castle.
The Bohemian Paradise is a great place to escape the hustle and bustle of city life, and it’s definitely one of the best Czech Republic tourist attractions not to miss.
17. Sumava National Park, Zelezna Ruda
Nature lovers will want to add Sumava National Park to their list of places to see in the Czech Republic. This park was established in 1991, and it covers an area of nearly 70,000 hectares. It’s the largest national park in the Czech Republic and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
The park is home to a wide variety of plant and animal life, including many rare and endangered species. Most of the park is covered in forest, but there are also meadows, fields, and wetlands. In addition, the park is home to many hills, which provide stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
You can do several activities in Sumava National Park, including hiking, biking, horseback riding, and even cross-country skiing. And if you want to learn more about the park and its wildlife, there are a number of ranger-led tours and educational programs that are offered.
18. Karlstejn Castle, Karlstejn
Karlstejn Castle is a large Gothic castle built in the 14th century by Charles IV, the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia. The castle was built to house the Emperor’s collection of holy relics and served as a royal palace and fortification against invasions.
Today, Karlstejn Castle is among the most preserved and best-known castles in the Czech Republic. It’s a popular tourist destination and one of the top places to see in the country. The castle is situated on top of a hill and offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
You can explore the castle’s main floors, which are filled with artwork, furniture, and other historical artifacts. There is also a large chapel on the castle’s top floor, which is home to some of the Emperor’s holy relics. Guided tours of the castle are available, and they’re definitely worth taking.
19. Cesky Krumlov
Cesky Krumlov is a small town in the Czech Republic that’s absolutely packed with things to see and do. The city is located in the South Bohemian Region and is home to a number of historical landmarks and attractions.
One of the most popular things to do in Cesky Krumlov is to visit the Cesky Krumlov Castle. The castle dates back to the 13th century, and the complex includes a number of different buildings, including a baroque theatre, and it’s worth a visit.
Another popular attraction in Cesky Krumlov is the Egon Schiele Art Centrum. The Centrum is dedicated to the work of Austrian painter Egon Schiele, and it houses a number of his paintings and drawings. If you’re looking for a place to relax and enjoy the outdoors, you should check out the City Park. The park is located within the city center and is a great place to take a stroll or have a picnic.
There’s more to Cesky Krumlov than just castles and parks, but those are some of the city’s top attractions. So, if you’re looking for places to visit in the Czech Republic full of history and culture, you should add this town to your list.
20. Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Decin
Hikers, nature lovers, and photography enthusiasts will all find something to love at Bohemian Switzerland National Park. The park is located northwest of the Czech Republic, and it’s known for its sandstone cliffs, rock formations, and dense forests.
There are miles of hiking trails to explore in the park, and you can even go rock climbing or mountain biking in some areas. However, the centerpiece of the park is definitely the Pravcicka Gate. This is a natural sandstone arch that’s more than 26 meters high. It’s the largest natural arch in Europe, and it’s definitely one of the top sights to see in the Czech Republic.
You can also take a boat ride on the Elbe River, which runs through the park. The boat ride will take you past some of the most scenic parts of the park, and it’s a great way to relax and take in the sights. Just be sure to bring your hiking boots and a camera, as there’s plenty to see and do in this beautiful park.
You can’t go wrong with any of these Czech Republic tourist attractions. Whether you’re looking for history and culture or outdoor adventure, these destinations have something for everyone. Just pick the one that sounds the most appealing to you and start planning your trip today.